Although carnival games are designated games of skill, winners are usually determined by chance. In this carnival-style game, skills in arithmetic are required just to play… so in the game of math education, everybody is a winner!

**Grades covered:**Pre through 6

**Curriculum Topics:**Math, Arithmetic, Multiplication

### Standards

Idea Sheets are cross-referenced to subjects listed in the Common Core, Next Generation Science Standards, and California Content Standards.

Mathematical Practices: 1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. 2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. 3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. 4. Model with mathematics. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically. 6. Attend to precision. 7. Look for and make use of structure. 8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. ||Common Core Mathematics||Kindergarten||Mathematical Practices|||Mathematical Practices: 1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. 2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. 3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. 4. Model with mathematics. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically. 6. Attend to precision. 7. Look for and make use of structure. 8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. ||Common Core Mathematics||Grade 1||Mathematical Practices|||Mathematical Practices: 1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. 2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. 3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. 4. Model with mathematics. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically. 6. Attend to precision. 7. Look for and make use of structure. 8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. ||Common Core Mathematics||Grade 2||Mathematical Practices|||Mathematical Practices: 1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. 2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. 3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. 4. Model with mathematics. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically. 6. Attend to precision. 7. Look for and make use of structure. 8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. ||Common Core Mathematics||Grade 3||Mathematical Practices|||3.NBT.3. Multiply one-digit whole numbers by multiples of 10 in the range 10?90 (e.g., 9 ? 80, 5 ? 60) using strategies based on place value and properties of operations.||Common Core Mathematics||Grade 3||Number And Operations In Base Ten||Use Place Value Understanding And Properties Of Operations To Perform Multi-Digit Arithmetic.4|||3.OA.5. Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide.2 Examples: If 6 ? 4 = 24 is known, then 4 ? 6 = 24 is also known. (Commutative property of multiplication.) 3 ? 5 ? 2 can be found by 3 ? 5 = 15, then 15 ? 2 = 30, or by 5 ? 2 = 10, then 3 ? 10 = 30. (Associative property of multiplication.) Knowing that 8 ? 5 = 40 and 8 ? 2 = 16, one can find 8 ? 7 as 8 ? (5 + 2) = (8 ? 5) + (8 ? 2) = 40 + 16 = 56. (Distributive property.)||Common Core Mathematics||Grade 3||Operations And Algebraic Thinking||Understand Properties Of Multiplication And The Relationship Between Multiplication And Division|||Mathematical Practices: 1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. 2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. 3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. 4. Model with mathematics. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically. 6. Attend to precision. 7. Look for and make use of structure. 8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. ||Common Core Mathematics||Grade 4||Mathematical Practices|||4.NBT.4. Fluently add and subtract multi-digit whole numbers using the standard algorithm.||Common Core Mathematics||Grade 4||Number And Operations In Base Ten2||Use Place Value Understanding And Properties Of Operations To Perform Multi-Digit Arithmetic|||4.NBT.5. Multiply a whole number of up to four digits by a one-digit whole number, and multiply two two-digit numbers, using strategies based on place value and the properties of operations. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models.||Common Core Mathematics||Grade 4||Number And Operations In Base Ten2||Use Place Value Understanding And Properties Of Operations To Perform Multi-Digit Arithmetic|||Mathematical Practices: 1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. 2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. 3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. 4. Model with mathematics. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically. 6. Attend to precision. 7. Look for and make use of structure. 8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. ||Common Core Mathematics||Grade 5||Mathematical Practices|||Mathematical Practices: 1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. 2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. 3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. 4. Model with mathematics. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically. 6. Attend to precision. 7. Look for and make use of structure. 8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. ||Common Core Mathematics||Grade 6||Mathematical Practices

3.3 Know the multiplication tables of 2s, 5s and 10s (to “times 10”) and commit them to memory.||CA Mathematics||Grade 2||01. Number Sense||3.0 Students model and solve simple problems involving multiplication and division.|||2.2 Memorize to automaticity the multiplication table for numbers between 1 and 10.||CA Mathematics||Grade 3||01. Number Sense||2.0 Students calculate and solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

**Categories include:**

- Pre-K
- Grades K-2
- Grades 3-5
- Grades 6-8
- Math

**Tags:**Problem Solving, Multiplication & Division

**Subjects covered:**Math