Computers use binary numbers (Base 2), a series on “ons” and “offs” that encode information. In this activity, students use the Ascii alphabet to encode a message into woven band, and then other students can decode the information.

**Grades covered:**4 through 12

**Curriculum Topics:**Binary Numbers, Place Value, Exponents, Number Bases

### Standards

Idea Sheets are cross-referenced to subjects listed in the Common Core, Next Generation Science Standards, and California Content Standards.

Mathematical Practices: 1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. 2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. 3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. 4. Model with mathematics. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically. 6. Attend to precision. 7. Look for and make use of structure. 8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. ||Common Core Mathematics||Grade 4||Mathematical Practices|||4.OA.4. Find all factor pairs for a whole number in the range 1?100. Recognize that a whole number is a multiple of each of its factors. Determine whether a given whole number in the range 1?100 is a multiple of a given one-digit number. Determine whether a given whole number in the range 1?100 is prime or composite.||Common Core Mathematics||Grade 4||Operations And Algebraic Thinking||Gain Familiarity With Factors And Multiples|||Mathematical Practices: 1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. 2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. 3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. 4. Model with mathematics. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically. 6. Attend to precision. 7. Look for and make use of structure. 8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. ||Common Core Mathematics||Grade 5||Mathematical Practices|||5.NBT.1. Recognize that in a multi-digit number, a digit in one place represents 10 times as much as it represents in the place to its right and 1/10 of what it represents in the place to its left.||Common Core Mathematics||Grade 5||Number And Operations In Base Ten||Understand The Place Value System|||5.NBT.2. Explain patterns in the number of zeros of the product when multiplying a number by powers of 10, and explain patterns in the placement of the decimal point when a decimal is multiplied or divided by a power of 10. Use whole-number exponents to denote powers of 10.||Common Core Mathematics||Grade 5||Number And Operations In Base Ten||Understand The Place Value System|||Mathematical Practices: 1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. 2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. 3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. 4. Model with mathematics. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically. 6. Attend to precision. 7. Look for and make use of structure. 8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. ||Common Core Mathematics||Grade 6||Mathematical Practices|||6.EE.1. Write and evaluate numerical expressions involving whole-number exponents.||Common Core Mathematics||Grade 6||Expressions And Equations||Apply And Extend Previous Understandings Of Arithmetic To Algebraic Expressions|||Mathematical Practices: 1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. 2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. 3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. 4. Model with mathematics. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically. 6. Attend to precision. 7. Look for and make use of structure. 8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. ||Common Core Mathematics||Grade 7||Mathematical Practices|||Mathematical Practices: 1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. 2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. 3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. 4. Model with mathematics. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically. 6. Attend to precision. 7. Look for and make use of structure. 8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. ||Common Core Mathematics||Grade 8||Mathematical Practices|||Mathematical Practices: 1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. 2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. 3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. 4. Model with mathematics. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically. 6. Attend to precision. 7. Look for and make use of structure. 8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. ||Common Core Mathematics||High School||Mathematical Practices

1.4 Determine the prime factors of all numbers through 50 and write the numbers as the product of their prime factors by using exponents to show multiples of a factor (e.g., 24 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 = 23 x 3).||CA Mathematics||Grade 5||01. Number Sense||1.0 Students compute with very large and very small numbers, positive integers, decimals, and fractions and understand the relationship between decimals, fractions, and percents. They understand the relative magnitudes of numbers.|||2.1 Understand negative whole-number exponents. Multiply and divide expressions involving exponents with a common base.||CA Mathematics||Grade 7||01. Number Sense||2.0 Students use exponents, powers, and roots and use exponents in working with fractions.|||02.0 Students understand and use such operations as taking the opposite, finding the reciprocal, taking a root, and raising to a fractional power. They understand and use the rules of exponents.||CA Mathematics||Grade 8 – 12||01. Algebra I|||4.0 Students are familiar with the standard distributions (normal, binomial, and exponential) and can use them to solve for events in problems in which the distribution belongs to those families.||CA Mathematics||Grade 8 – 12||04. Probability and Statistics

**Categories include:**

- Grades 3-5
- Grades 6-8
- Math

**Tags:**Expressions & Equations, Number System, Place Value

**Subjects covered:**["Math"]