This modeling activity can be used to teach topographic map-reading skills. Students draw a fictitious topographic map, and then transfer the map to stacking lids, producing a great 3-dimensional effect.
Idea Sheets are cross-referenced to subjects listed in the Common Core, Next Generation Science Standards, and California Content Standards.
Develop a model to represent the shapes and kinds of land and bodies of water in an area. ||Next Generation Science Standards||Grade 2||Earth and Space Science||Earth’s Systems
3.6 Visualize, describe, and make models of geometric solids in terms of the number of faces, edges, and vertices; interpret 2-D representations of 3-D objects; and draw patterns for a solid, that when cut and folded, will make a model of the solid.||CA Mathematics||Grade 4||03. Measurement and Geometry||3.0 Students demonstrate an understanding of plane and solid geometric objects and use this knowledge to show relationships and solve problems.|||7.f. Read a topographic map and a geologic map for evidence provided on the maps, and construct and interpret a simple scale map.||CA Science||Grade 6||07. Investigation and Experimentation||7. Scientific progress is made by asking meaningful questions and conducting careful investigations. As a basis for understanding this concept and addressing the content in the other three strands, students should develop their own questions and perform investigations. Students will: |||7.d. Construct scale models, maps and appropriately labeled diagrams to communicate scientific knowledge (e.g., motion of Earth’s plates and cell structure).||CA Science||Grade 7||07. Investigation and Experimentation||7. Scientific progress is made by asking meaningful questions & conducting careful investigations. As a basis for understanding this concept, and to address the content of the other strands, students will develop questions & perform investigations.|||1.h. Read and interpret topographic and geologic maps.||CA Science||Grade 9-12||05. Investigation and Experimentation||1. Scientific progress is made by asking meaningful questions & conducting careful investigations. As a basis for understanding this concept, & to address the content of the other strands, students should develop questions & perform investigations.|||9.d.* How to analyze published geologic hazard maps of California and use the map information to identify evidence of geological events of the past and predict geological changes in the future. (achievement is optional)||Grade 9-12||04. Earth Sciences||6. California Geology||9. The geology of California underlies the state’s wealth of natural resources as well as its natural hazards.
- Earth and Space Science
- Grades K-2
- Grades 3-5
- Grades 6-8